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Early Years and KS1  History  


History provides children with an identity. It inspires curiosity about their past and the past of others. It teaches them to understand change,  to ask questions and to make judgements. 

History in early years and  Key stage 1  helps children  know and understand: 

  • Where they came from and how the world has changed 
  • How significant events in History have shaped how we live now
  • How significant individuals have impacted on our lives 
  • How their locality  has changed because of people and events 


The school’s aim is to ensure that every child is a reader by 7. To ensure this, children need to be exposed to a high quality language enrichment programme to develop communication skills and extend vocabulary.  The talk generated from exploring history, asking questions, recounting events and making judgements supports this.  They also need experience of high-quality texts, both fiction and non-fiction, which inspire them to read.  The History curriculum in early years and KS1 is an ideal vehicle for this.  In addition to this we are very aware that a number of our children have limited experiences beyond their hometown and our History curriculum ensures that the children have a variety of real experiences to develop their cultural capital.  We celebrate Black History Month to ensure that our pupils with African/Carribean heritage have an opportunity to celebrate their culture and to give our pupils a greater understanding of the contributions black people make to our community.



History at KS2


At Westwood, we believe that history lessons should inspire children to want to know more about the past, apply that knowledge to the present and to think and act as historians.  We want our children to develop a sense of curiosity about the past and why people have different interpretations of events.  We want our children to begin to think about what evidence is and how it can be used to support ideas about the past.  By focusing on key themes such as conflict and social structures, we encourage children to see how history has changed through the ages and the influences the past has on today's world.  By revisiting these themes over the years, we encourage a deeper understanding and a reflective attitude to their learning.    Where possible, history is brought to life, either by themed days, inviting visitors into the school or visits to the local area. We encourage children to debate, question, discuss and evaluate the knowledge they learn about the past.


National Curriculum Objectives


The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
  • gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed History – key stages 1 and 2 
  • gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.


Key Stage 2